The premise of the President’s Challenge is simple: You don’t have to wait until graduation — or become a Zuckerbergian dropout — to change the world.The inaugural competition is part of the University’s attempt to both promote and harness innovation happening across Harvard, and to encourage students to work together across disciplines to address pressing social problems with entrepreneurial solutions.The 10 finalists, selected in April from a pool of more than 170 teams, will present their work to a panel of judges and the public on May 18. There’s much at stake: $100,000 in prize money (to be split among up to four teams), dedicated space in the Harvard Innovation Lab (i-lab) for the summer, access to Harvard mentors and resources, and, not least of all, a chance to make a real difference.Below is a look at four of the remaining teams:Balanced KitchenValerie Scheer and Amalia Torres Carmona’s business idea was inspired not by a social problem, but a personal one. Both Europeans new to Cambridge, they quickly became friends last fall — and just as quickly learned their lesson about American food.“We went out to dinner a lot, and we actually gained a lot of weight,” Scheer, a Harvard Business School (HBS) student, said with a laugh. She and Carmona, a lawyer and girlfriend of an HBS student, saw a need for a hip-but-healthful full-service restaurant in Boston.“A lot of people tell you they want to eat healthy, but they have this connotation that it’s not as tasty as normal food and that healthy restaurants are just not cool,” Scheer said. Balanced Kitchen would overcome that reputation by offering patrons interactive iPad menus that help people customize balanced meals from a range of American comfort-food options, like no-lettuce salads and baked sweet-potato fries.“It’s not a typical social enterprise — we’re not operating in emerging countries helping the poor,” she said.Instead, they’re tackling obesity right in HBS’s backyard. In addition to working with a third team member, Seattle-based chef and nutritionist Rebecca Cameron, they’ve consulted with two doctoral students at the Harvard School of Public Health who helped to develop the new Healthy Eating Plate.The restaurant industry is notoriously tough to break into. But Scheer is heartened by other HBS grads’ success with quirky food startups (both Clover and Finale were conceived by Harvard M.B.A. students) and by her peers in the i-lab, where Balanced Kitchen has a long-term residence.“Sometimes, you have those days where you’re like: This will never work,” said Scheer, who’s now starting to meet with angel investors. “And then you just go there and have these amazing people tell you they love your concept and are here to help you.”Revolving Fund PharmacyBetween graduate school and a 7-month-old son, Kristin and Yi-An Huang appear to have enough on their plates. But first-time parenting isn’t the couple’s only major project. Kristin, a fourth-year student at Harvard Medical School, and Yi-An, an HBS student, are tackling Kenya’s drug-distribution problems head on.They’re partnering with the Kenya-based health care nonprofit AMPATH, where the couple worked last year, to create a back-up pharmacy system that can fill in the gaps when government health facilities run out of life-saving medications, an all-too-common occurrence.Yi-An Huang (left) and Kristin Huang of Team Revolving Pharmacy.In the past year, their team, which includes local Kenyan pharmacies, has opened three pilot sites that collectively see 600 patients a week. “To scale it more quickly, the President’s Challenge funding could make a really big difference,” Yi-An said.The idea for a revolving fund pharmacy has been floated in policy circles for more than a decade, Kristin said. “It exists in the literature; it’s just not very common to see it.”Many global health organizations discourage charging poor customers, especially for expensive treatments such as those for HIV/AIDS. But generic drugs such as antibiotics are cheap enough that “charging a small co-pay actually does make the pharmacy sustainable,” an important consideration as international aid budgets shrink, Yi-An said.The couple’s interdisciplinary approach has worked so far, they said. “She leans toward the data. I’m more from the business side of ‘Let’s figure out from a common-sense perspective what works,’” Yi-An said. “I think it works out well.”SPOUTS of WaterA third of Ugandans lack access to clean water, and most production technologies employed by NGOs in the country are imported. SPOUTS of Water, a nonprofit run by a group of Harvard College students, is working to expand access to inexpensive water filters while giving Ugandans the opportunity to produce the product themselves.The filters — developed by junior Kathy Ku, an engineering student who spent a summer volunteering in Uganda — are effective at removing bacteria. They are easy to build and use, and they mimic the terra cotta taste of the traditional ceramic jugs used by Ugandans to store water.Stephanie Choi (from left), Kyongdon Kim, Esther Cheng, John Kye, and Seul (Kathy) Ku of Team SPOUTS.Kampala University, SPOUTS’ on-site partner, donated a plot that, if all goes well, will house an up-and-running factory by the end of next year. The operation will provide jobs and keep any profits from sale of the filters in the community.SPOUTS’s board is currently staffed entirely by undergraduates (though Ku has taken a year off from Harvard to spend more time in Uganda). But junior Kyongdon Kim sees the group’s relative inexperience as a unique advantage.“We’re not bound by any kind of pessimism about what wouldn’t work in the field; we don’t have any preconceptions,” Kim said. “It gives us that let’s-try-it-out attitude.”“Because we’re still young, this is the time we can take the risk to make our own ventures,” said Stephanie Choi, a junior. “There’s a lot of interest in that at Harvard right now.”EssmartJackie Stenson graduated from Harvard in 2008, ready to apply her training as a mechanical engineer to design technologies for the developing world. But after spending two years in Africa, she realized that creating the products themselves — cook stoves, solar lanterns, water filters — wasn’t the challenge.“The actual design of these technologies isn’t the biggest bottleneck,” said Stenson, now a preceptor in technology entrepreneurship and innovation at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences. “It’s getting them into the hands of people who can benefit from them in a scalable and sustainable way.”Enter Essmart, a middleman service that aims to connect producers of inexpensive, essential goods and the world’s billion “dollar-a-day” consumers. The goal is to partner with village mom-and-pop stores and offer a catalogue of life-improving technologies. Customers can place an order, and Essmart will deliver to the stores, ensuring such goods can reach more remote communities than ever before.“We know these stores have little space, so we’re not going to give them 30 products to sit on a dusty shelf,” said team member Rob Weiss, an M.P.P. student at Harvard Kennedy School. The team is currently running a pilot in southern India; its first run of 17 items sold out in a week.The Essmart team is hoping to receive President’s Challenge prize money to invest in more inventory and pilot in new locations. But regardless of the outcome, the process has been inspiring, Weiss said. “If you do or don’t win in the end, it’s hard to feel bad about it with so many worthwhile teams in the competition.”
Our nutrition and physical activity behaviors are not just the result of our personal choices. The environment or setting in which we live and family cultures and customs can also influence our choices and behaviors.Parents can help encourage youth to adopt healthy habits through making small changes in the home and family setting that are supportive of health.Making good food choicesWith so much time spent at home, you may find that you are having more family meals than ever. This is good news — eating meals as a family has been linked to increased fruit and vegetable consumption.Involving children and youth in meal planning and preparation can help increase their interest in trying new or healthier options.Shake up the monotony of eating at home by planning a fun theme dinner, eating outside or even dressing up.Avoid using food as a reward when possible and consider what non-food ways could be used as a celebration. Doing a fun activity together, small non-food rewards like stickers or earning “points” towards a bigger future prize are all good non-food options. Model positive attitudes about food in both your behavior and your language. One easy way to support healthy food choices at home is to make healthier choices easily accessible. Try storing fresh cut fruits and vegetables in a designated space in the fridge where youth know they can go for a snack, or keep easy-to-eat options like clementine oranges and apples displayed attractively on the counter.Staying active Children and adolescents ages 6 through 17 years should do 60 minutes or more of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity daily. Consider how your family’s routines have changed. If school or sports activities were providing most of the physical activity opportunities for the youth in your home, it may be a good idea to look for some activities to add to your at-home schedule.In other cases, youth may be getting more activity than ever, as a less strict schedule can afford time for play, walks and activities with siblings. Caregivers can support physical activity for youth by providing movement breaks during school-at-home activities, limiting screen time when possible and making physical activity a family activity.Remember that for young children unstructured play can be a great source of physical activity. On a rainy day, online resources can be a good place to find fun, follow-along physical activity videos for younger children.For older youth, offer opportunities for physical activity like family walks, practicing for a sport they enjoy or gardening together, but recognize their independence and do not force physical activity.Find online nutrition and physical activity resources from University of Georgia Cooperative Extension and other recommended programs at georgia4h.org/about-us/resources/activity-resources/#healthy-living.
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Windpower Monthly:DENMARK—The government has announced plans in its new energy policy to require at least 50% of its energy needs to come from renewable sources by 2030. Danish wind capacity covered 43.4% of the country’s total electricity consumption in 2017.The Danish Ministry of Energy, Utilities and Climate also unveiled proposals to phase out coal for electricity production by 2030.The government plans to invest DKK15 billion (€2 billion) to implement its energy policy and DKK4.2 billion (€560 million) out of this will help to ensure the continued development of a number of renewable energy technologies, including wind power. The funds will be allocated during the period 2020-2024.The ministry set out plans to “harmonize and simplify” its subsidy system for renewable energy technologies. Denmark currently has 35 different types of subsidies and under new plans, these will reduce to between four and six. The average level of direct support for subsidies is expected to go from around DKK0.22/kWh (€0.029/kWh) to DKK0.10/kWh (€0.013/kWh).The government has also proposed an “ambitious” green reform to “relax” energy taxes for the heating and electricity markets.More: Denmark Moves To Strengthen Renewable Energy Goals Denmark Eyes 2030 for Complete Coal Phaseout
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Albuquerque Journal:A mammoth wind farm covering 156 square miles in eastern Roosevelt County will begin generating enough electricity later this month to power up about 194,000 homes.At 522 megawatts, Xcel Energy’s Sagamore Wind Farm is by far the largest to come online in New Mexico, offering at least 40% more generating capacity than any of the next-largest facilities operating in the state.The company invested about $900 million to build the facility, employing about 500 workers at the peak of construction, which began last December. It will become fully operational by the end of the year, with 240 wind turbines cranking out electricity for Xcel subsidiary Southwestern Public Service’s 385,000 customers in eastern New Mexico and West Texas.The wind farm will employ 25 permanent workers and will generate about $234 million in local economic benefits over its 25-year life. That includes $44 million in gross receipt taxes, $89 million in lease payments to landowners where the wind farm is located, and $101 million in property taxes.The Sagamore facility caps a three-year effort announced in 2017 to boost SPS’ regional wind-generating capacity by 1.23 gigawatts, or enough electricity to power about 440,000 homes annually in the SPS service territory. Last year, it inaugurated a 478-MW wind farm in Hale County, Texas, just north of Lubbock, and it signed agreements to purchase another 230 MW of wind generation from NextEra Energy. It also buys power from four other wind farms and six solar plants in New Mexico.The Sagamore facility, outside Dora – about 17 miles south of Portales – is expected to save SPS customers about $110 million annually by offsetting fuel purchases for natural gas and other fossil fuel generation, according to the company.[Kevin Robinson-Avila]More: Xcel Energy inaugurates NM’s largest wind farm Xcel Energy completes construction of 522MW Sagamore wind farm in New Mexico
By Carlos Maggi/Diálogo August 21, 2017 A pre-deployment course held at Uruguay’s National School for Peace Operations (ENOPU, per its Spanish acronym) concluded on July 20th for the Uruguayan Army special engineers group, which will be traveling to the Sinai Peninsula. A total of 33 military members received relevant training, addressing different issues related to the work of the Multinational Force and Observer (MFO) members during their deployment: technical training, legal issues, transport, driving vehicles, finances, rules of engagement, personnel security, threat detection, and proper conduct in convoys. English classes, training on military drills, and physical education were also offered. Background After a drawn-out land dispute, a peace treaty between the governments of Egypt and Israel was signed on September 17, 1978 by president Anwar el-Sadat and Prime Minister Menachem Begin at the urging of U.S. President Jimmy Carter, who committed the United States to taking the necessary measures to ensure that, if the United Nations did not establish and maintain a multinational force, it would create an alternative one. This situation persists today. Uruguay joined the multinational force in 1981 and it is, therefore, the South American country’s oldest Army mission. In the course of the past 36 years, Uruguay has developed a great deal of experience in peacekeeping work. ENOPU conducts training every year for personnel deploying to that region of the world. During training, different speakers participate from the Israeli government diplomatic corps and the Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt in Uruguay, along with instructors from the Uruguayan Army and the Central Hospital of the Armed Forces. “The National School of Peace Operations is where we prepare our contingents for different United Nations missions, as well as those who will relieve the military personnel who are in the Sinai Peninsula under the MFO mandate next August 22nd,” Uruguayan Army Colonel Niver Pereira, the ENOPU commander, told Diálogo. Participating in the mission are contingents from various countries, including Australia, Canada, Colombia, the Czech Republic, Fiji, France, Italy, New Zealand, Norway, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Uruguay. They work together on a foundation of mutual respect and brotherhood. They carry out tasks such as transporting personnel, supplies, fuel, water, and food between different bases, some of them in remote areas. Engineers, meanwhile, work on maintaining roads. “Keeping in mind what tasks are to be done, like observing, reporting, and checking that the peace treaty is being complied with, they are instructed for three weeks in different areas for a complete training,” Col. Pereira said. “Our contingent has a lot of experience even though the missions have been evolving and the threats have been changing.” Current situation: unstable and unpredictable The area of engagement of the multinational force, which the Uruguayan military members are a part of, can be considered unstable. Therefore, they have stepped up security measures. “In the last few years, the situation in the region has evolved unfavorably, becoming a very unstable and unpredictable area in terms of the evolution of future events. The MFO takes the protection of its personnel very seriously, and it has invested a lot in that, increasing security and response measures in a dangerous situation, trying to minimize any direct or collateral damage to them,” said Uruguayan Army Lieutenant Colonel Guillermo Rodríguez, the commander of that country’s Transport and Engineering Unit. Lt. Col. Rodríguez noted that the specific functions of the soldiers under his command are fundamental to the mission. The first function is land transport and the second is the support of the specialized engineering personnel, which according to what is laid out in the peace treaty, includes air, land, and sea route monitoring of the roughly 60,000 square kilometers known as Zone C, in the vicinity of the Israeli border. “The work of the transport unit is basically moving supplies and personnel to different MFO sites located throughout the Sinai Peninsula. On the other hand, the engineering unit is responsible for maintenance and improvement of roads, since they are constantly obstructed by the movement of sand dunes in the desert, and also responsible for building any fortifications the force requires,” Lt. Col. Rodríguez explained to Diálogo. Lt. Col. Rodríguez expressed that he was honored to command an army contingent from a country with a long history of contributing to world peace. “Without a doubt, it is a source of pride to represent my country in this multinational force, and it is also a constant challenge to ensure that my personnel stay efficient since the situation here is very dynamic and different every day. Without a doubt, I trust that our nation’s contingent will continue to aim to maintain the highest level of professionalism on the part of each and every one of its members, and raising the prestige of our country, which has characterized it these past 36 years of permanence in these arid lands,” he said. The timeframe for their stay in the mission area continues for the period of one year. Once that time is up, the so-called rotation flight takes place, where military members with a similar training arrive to relieve those who finished their year-long deployment. Some of them have already been in several missions in the Sinai Peninsula.
House and Senate panels debate Article V funding March 15, 2003 Gary Blankenship Senior Editor Regular News House and Senate panels debate Article V funding Senior EditorMaintaining the individuality of Florida’s courthouses while relying on increased state funding will be one of the main challenges of implementing 1998’s Revision 7 to the Florida Constitution.A House of Representatives committee and judges and representatives from court clerks, court administrators, state attorneys, and public defenders discussed that and other challenges related to Revision 7 at a February 19 meeting.Revision 7, approved by voters, requires that the state pay for more of the trial courts’ funding and assume that burden by July 1, 2004. The Senate Judiciary Committee, which met February 18, also continued wrestling with the fiscal transfer.Topics at the Special Committee on Article V Funding ranged from conflict counsel, to improving technology for court clerks, to the widely divergent needs of courts in different parts of the state.The committee reached no conclusions, but the meeting demonstrated the complexities and difficulties lawmakers will face. Their tentative plan is to draw the outline and statutory framework this year and then do the necessary funding shifts for the 2004-05 budget.“Every courthouse is a living, breathing organism. It’s teeming with people with their claims, their aspirations, and their fears,” said Rep. Joe Negron, R-Stuart. “Getting drivers’ licenses is the same all over the state. But there’s something about the administration of justice that is intrinsically local.“What I don’t want to see is courthouses in the judicial system turned into another state agency. It’s a third branch of government,” he added. “We need to figure out how to have the state pay for things that are really local functions.”“I couldn’t agree with you more, God bless you,” said J. William Lockhart, Sixth Circuit court administrator and one of the panelists discussing the wide range of issues with the committee.“Let me say this to you,” he continued. “Whatever you do, please, bottom line, please give our chief judges local control. Please give us the flexibility to adapt the court system to our community. Our communities differ greatly. If you are in Dade County, the issues you are dealing with are entirely different than the issues we’re dealing with in Pinellas County.”One example he cited was translators. In the Sixth Circuit, he contracts as needed for rarely needed translator services, while the 11th Circuit, which covers Miami-Dade County, has a full-time staff of 38 translators because of the diverse population.On the other hand, with its larger elderly population, the Sixth Circuit has 3,500 wards of the court, Lockhart said.The officials also talked about programs that have worked in reducing costs and where they see more needs.Second Circuit Chief Judge-elect Charles Francis said the circuits already work together on assigning the time of senior judges, to get the best and most efficient use of that resource. They have also combined on a joint program to obtain online legal research, with the result that at a lower cost the counties have been able to obtain more extensive research services and make them available to more people, including judges’ clerks, and assistants. The legislature’s Office of Program Policy Analysis and Government Accountability was so impressed they asked the court to take the lead in expanding legal research for other court-related agencies. TechnologyThe courts are also looking at using digital recording to do transcripts of court proceedings, which most see as the wave of the future, Francis said. But that doesn’t mean it will be right for all counties. Some concerns have to be worked out, such as ensuring confidentiality of conversations between attorneys and clients.Lockhart said technology may also help streamline court clerk operations. He noted he went to record a deed in Marietta, Ga., and asked the clerk to make a certified copy. Instead, he was told he could have the original back. The clerk electronically scanned the document, which then went automatically to the correct file where it was also available online.In most Florida counties, he said up to seven different people would have to handle the document before it reached the proper file.“We are not taking advantage of technology in the system to reduce costs,” Lockhart said. “The big cost in the system is personnel, and we’ve got to find a way to reduce that.”Francis agreed, noting there is a lot of paperwork passing through several people in requesting a pre-sentence investigation following a criminal conviction. He estimated in 10 to 15 percent of his cases, the PSI isn’t ready when the sentencing hearing comes up in 30 days, wasting the court’s time and resources involved in transporting the prisoner from jail to the courthouse and back.Representatives asked if the use of special masters and hearing officers represented an efficient use of resources, and Fourth Circuit Chief Judge Don Moran replied they do.He noted there has been an explosion of pro se litigation, particularly in family courts, and the parties frequently don’t fill out forms correctly or even fill out all the necessary forms. A judge, who cannot give advice or practice law, can only send the parties away with directions to get the forms filled out correctly. Frequently, the parties have to wait months for another hearing, only to find there’s another paperwork problem.A special master or hearing officer, Moran said, can work closely with the parties and make sure all the forms and pleadings are right when they get to the judge.“They get their day in court,” he said. “They may not like what they get, but at least they get their day in court.”Other items addressed at the meeting included:• Successful programs counties have used to collect fines and court costs imposed, including special hearing officers who regularly call in those who owe. Lawmakers have expressed interest in those efforts as a way to help raise funds for court costs.• How the state can effectively monitor local courts so it knows it’s getting good value. Judge Francis said the Supreme Court has already established a variety of measuring standards through its Trial Court Budget Commission and the Trial Court Performance and Accountability Committee.• The best way to hire conflict counsel for public defenders. Although the state will be paying, panelists said, there should be local control with judicial oversight. Moran said judges are in the best position to know if an appointed attorney was “churning” to run up the bill, while Lockhart said the elected public defenders should not be choosing the conflict counsel because of conflict of interest concerns. He said a local committee, already provided for in state law, should make the choices. The panelists agreed that competent counsel must be provided, or costly retrials are likely because of mistakes.The committee was next scheduled to meet on March 4, as this News went to press. Counties PitchAt the Senate Judiciary Committee meeting, representatives from the Florida Association of Counties gave their views on the switch over. Martin County commissioner Doug Smith said counties are paying $672 million in court costs. They’ve seen those costs rise $250 million in the past eight years, he added.John Ricco, representing the association, said FAC is concerned that programs the counties see as essential, such as drug courts, might be seen as optional by the state and left for the counties to pay for.He also said some counties think that F.S. §29, which provides definitions of what state and county responsibilities in the trial courts are, have left too much to the counties and not enough for the state.Another matter of contention, Ricco said, is that communications items in the amendment that were to be county responsibility were intended to be phone lines between buildings. It wasn’t intended to cover more modern equipment, such as computers and cell phones, which should be paid for by the state, he said.“You prefer to have us take a very conservative reading on what our responsibilities are and a very liberal reading on what we’re going to pay for this,” Sen. Rod Smith, D-Gainesville, said.“Yes,” Ricco replied. He later added, “Local requirements cannot be caused by a revenue shortfall by the state.”Ricco said the state could save money by eliminating the small stipends now paid by counties to witnesses and jurors. Sometimes, he noted, it costs the counties more to write the checks than the actual amounts paid.On another matter, Statewide Prosecutor Peter Williams reminded the committee his office will need a small appropriation as part of the funding takeover. Under current law, when he files a multi-circuit case, the county where the case is filed picks up the related costs, such as filing fees, witness fees, and the like. That will now become a state expense, which he estimated at about $75,000 annually.
Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York A 60-year-old North Bellmore man was killed when he flipped his car on the Taconic State Parkway amid icy road conditions in upstate Dutchess County over the weekend.New York State police said Alan E. Stein was driving his 1992 Mazda Miata northbound when he lost control, skidded off of the road and struck a tree in the Town of Milan at about 6:21 p.m. Sunday.Milan Fire Department firefighters and Northern Dutchess Paramedics found the car overturned in the passing lane of the parkway when they responded to the scene, police said.Stein was pronounced dead at the scene. His body was taken to the Dutchess County Medical Examiner’s office, which assisted State Police with the investigation. Investigators do not believe drugs or alcohol were a contributing factors in the crash, authorities said.Police ask anyone with additional information regarding this crash to call their Livingston baracks at 845-677-7300.
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Cyprus’ largest medical facility suspended most services on Tuesday, authorities said, after a medical doctor heading the heart surgical ward tested positive for coronavirus.The 64-year-old doctor was one of two individuals first to test positive on the Mediterranean island. He had recently returned from Britain and had contact with patients.Effective Tuesday, all admissions, outpatient clinics, surgeries and visitations at Nicosia general hospital were suspended for 48 hours, when the situation would be reviewed, the health ministry announced early on Tuesday.The operation of the cardio surgery ward had also been suspended and patients would be gradually discharged, depending on their general health condition, the ministry said.Topics :
Coordinating Economic Minister Airlangga Hartanto announced that the government had earmarked Rp 3.8 trillion for the down payment for purchasing COVID-19 vaccine.”One of our top priority programs for next year is COVID-19 vaccine procurement. This year we have allocated Rp 3.7 trillion for the vaccine,” Airlangga said in an online presser on Monday.”Next year we plan to set aside Rp 37 trillion for a multi-year program,” he added.Airlangga explained that the government was eyeing several potential vaccines that were currently under development.The first is the Merah Putih vaccine, which is being developed by the Research and Technology Ministry and the Eijkman Institute for Molecular Biology.Read also: Indonesia needs greater healthcare budget in 2021 for vaccine: EconomistThe second is the vaccine being developed by state pharmaceutical holding company PT Bio Farma in cooperation with Sinovac Biotech of China. The third vaccine is the one being developed by United Arab Emirates’ Group 42 (G42) Healthcare.”We plan to procure 290 million doses of the Sinovac vaccine next year and 30 million doses of the G42 vaccine this year,” Airlangga said.He explained that the Health Ministry was set to prepare the vaccination process, which is expected to start early next year.”With the procurement of 30 million doses of [G42] vaccine by the end of this year, we hope to start the vaccination process early next year,” he said.PT Bio Farma and Sinovac along with Padjadjaran University (Unpad) in Bandung, West Java are launching phase III clinical trials for a COVID-19 vaccine — the last stage of clinical testing in humans during which the vaccine is given to thousands of people to confirm and expand results on safety and efficacy from phase I and II trials — along with several countries such as Brazil and Bangladesh.Read also: WHO tempers quick vaccine hopesThe Sinovac phase III clinical trials in Bandung are to run for six months.The government has also given Eijkman 12 months starting from April to develop vaccine prototypes that have been tested on animals, to be given to Bio Farma for clinical trials. Bio Farma aims to mass-produce the vaccine by 2022 after earning approval from the BPOM. The Merah Putih vaccine is expected to cover at least 50 percent of Indonesia’s vaccine needs, given the country’s large population.Topics :