Antarctic climate change during the last 50 years

first_imgThe Reference Antarctic Data for Environmental Research (READER) project data set of monthly mean Antarctic near-surface temperature, mean sea-level pressure (MSLP) and wind speed has been used to investigate trends in these quantities over the last 50 years for 19 stations with long records. Eleven of these had warming trends and seven had cooling trends in their annual data (one station had too little data to allow an annual trend to be computed), indicating the spatial complexity of change that has occurred across the Antarctic in recent decades. The Antarctic Peninsula has experienced a major warming over the last 50 years, with temperatures at Faraday/Vernadsky station having increased at a rate of 0.56 °C decade-1 over the year and 1.09 °C decade-1 during the winter; both figures are statistically significant at less than the 5% level. Overlapping 30 year trends of annual mean temperatures indicate that, at all but two of the 10 coastal stations for which trends could be computed back to 1961, the warming trend was greater (or the cooling trend less) during the 1961-90 period compared with 1971-2000. All the continental stations for which MSLP data were available show negative trends in the annual mean pressures over the full length of their records, which we attribute to the trend in recent decades towards the Southern Hemisphere annular mode (SAM) being in its high-index state. Except for Halley, where the trends are constant, the MSLP trends for all stations on the Antarctic continent for 1971-2000 were more negative than for 1961-90. All but two of the coastal stations have recorded increasing mean wind speeds over recent decades, which is also consistent with the change in the nature of the SAM. Copyright © 2005 Royal Meteorological Societylast_img read more

From Scotia to ‘Operation Tabarin’: developing British policy for Antarctica

first_imgThe roots of a British Antarctic policy can be traced, paradoxically, back to the establishment of a meteorological station by the Scottish Antarctic Expedition in the South Orkneys, in 1903, and the indifference of the British Government to its almost immediate transfer to the Argentine Government. It was from that modest physical presence upon Laurie Island that Argentina came increasingly to challenge British claims to the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands Dependencies (FID), first in the late 1920s and then more extensively in the second world war. This challenge shaped British policy for the next forty years, with further complications caused by overlapping territorial claims made by Chile and the possible territorial ambitions of the USA. Britain’s eventual response, at the height of World War II, was to establish permanent occupation of Antarctica from the southern summer of 1943–1944. This occupation was given the military codename Operation Tabarin. However, it was never a military operation as such, although monitoring the activities of enemy surface raiders and submarines provided a convenient cover story, as did scientific research once the operation became public. Whilst successive parties, rich in professional scientists, considerably expanded the pre-war survey and research of the Discovery Investigations Committee, their physical occupancy of the Antarctic islands and Peninsula was essentially a political statement, whereby the Admiralty and Colonial Office (CO) strove to protect British territorial rights, whilst the Foreign Office (FO) endeavoured to minimise disruption to Britain’s long-standing economic and cultural ties with Argentina, and most critically, the shipment of war-time meat supplies. In meeting that immediate need, Tabarin also provided the basis from which Britain’s subsequent post-war leadership in Antarctic affairs developed.last_img read more

Japan: Submarine Group Seven Holds Change of Command Ceremony at Fleet Activities Yokosuka

first_imgBack to overview,Home naval-today Japan: Submarine Group Seven Holds Change of Command Ceremony at Fleet Activities Yokosuka View post tag: Yokosuka View post tag: Command June 20, 2013 Japan: Submarine Group Seven Holds Change of Command Ceremony at Fleet Activities Yokosuka View post tag: activities View post tag: Defense View post tag: fleet View post tag: submarine Share this article View post tag: Ceremony Submarine Group Seven held a change of command ceremony at Fleet Activities Yokosuka, June 18. During the ceremony, Rear Adm. Stuart B. Munsch relieved Rear Adm. Phillip G. Sawyer as commander of carrier strike group (CSG) 7, also assuming responsibility as commander of Task Forces 54 and 74.Vice Adm. Scott H. Swift, commander, U.S. Seventh Fleet, was the honored guest and key speaker during the ceremony. Swift commended Sawyer for a job well-done in his capacities as CSG 7, commander task forces (CTF) 74 and 54.“No one can match the prowess of U.S. submarine capabilities, and nowhere are those capabilities honed to such a fine edge or executed with such frequency than here at Seventh Fleet by CTF-74 under Admiral Sawyer’s leadership,” said Swift. “Nowhere are submarine operations more complex, more active, more important, and more successful than here at Seventh Fleet. That success is a result of Phil’s insightful leadership, innovative approach to optimizing force posture, and a steady hand guiding day to day tactical operations.”Under Sawyer’s command, CTF 54 and 74 achieved operational success of more than 38 submarine deployments and 70 special submarine missions. As the theater anti-submarine warfare commander for Seventh Fleet, Sawyer brought tactical and operational expertise to bear across multiple warfare areas and greatly advanced war fighting integration with allied submarine forces.In recognition of his achievements, Sawyer received the Legion of Merit Award.“This award really belongs to the men and women, the civilians and Sailors, who make up group seven,” said Sawyer. “Day in and day out you perform Herculean tasks, and they are executed for us across ten time zones, from the international dateline all the way out to the Suez Canal. And you always keep faith with our golden rule, and that is: do whatever is necessary to enable the success of our assigned units. Their success is our success. … I sincerely thank each and every one of you for your dedicated service.”Sawyer expressed his gratitude to his counterparts and friends in the Japan Maritime Self Defense Forces, Republic of Korea Navy, and the Sailors, civilians, and families who are a part of the Forward Deployed Naval Forces in the Seventh Fleet. He felt privileged to have lived and worked in Japan, and will miss the people and the friendships that he developed during his tour as commander, Submarine Group Seven.“It’s very hard to give up something you cherish, but it’s easier giving it up to a friend,” said Sawyer. “And Stewart Munsch is not only a very good submarine officer; he is a good friend who I have known for many years. Submarine Group seven will be in very good hands under his leadership.”Munsch, a 1985 graduate of the United States Naval Academy, recently served as deputy director, undersea warfare division (N97B) in the Pentagon since August 2011.Sawyer will report as commander, Submarine Force U.S. Pacific Fleet.“Admiral Sawyer has been hand picked to lead the entire Pacific submarine force for a reason,” said Swift. “His performance here gives United States Navy leadership the confidence that he – more than any other – has what it takes to shoulder such great responsibility and excel in the execution of those responsibilities.”[mappress]Press Release, June 20, 2013 View post tag: Group View post tag: Naval View post tag: SEVEN View post tag: Navy View post tag: change View post tag: News by topic View post tag: holds View post tag: Defence Authoritieslast_img read more

Preventing bullying in Michigan: “Adults have to do more”

first_img Preventing bullying in Michigan: “Adults have to do more” WhatsApp Twitter Pinterest Google+ Facebook Pinterest Facebook dramatic portrait scared and stressed Asian Korean teen girl or young woman with laptop computer and mobile phone suffering cyber bullying stalked LANSING, Mich. – Bullying continues to be a pervasive problem among Michigan youth, and it’s more common among high school students who identify as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer-plus.Young people who are bullied or harassed are at greater risk for depression, thoughts of suicide and substance abuse.Jamie Erdheim, coordinator of MY Consent Culture with the Michigan Organization on Adolescent Sexual Health, explained the pandemic and the current political climate are both intensifying bullying based on sexual orientation or gender identify.She said young people often find themselves dealing with the problem alone.“Youth are the ones often fighting for better protections, or having people take harassment or violence seriously,” said Erdheim. “And that’s a travesty. Adults are the ones that set the culture. They’re the ones that set the climate. Adults have the power. It’s on adults. We have to do more.”Erdheim contended addressing bullying is more than a single conversation, but an entire culture shift. And while progress has been made in recent years on equality, she said discrimination against some groups continues – and the harm it causes is too often minimized.Erdheim said ensuring student safety in the virtual learning environment is uncharted territory for Michigan educators. Her organization – MOASH – has been providing training and professional development to help teachers learn ways to keep lines of open communication with their students.“People are trying to skill-build, skill-share and then troubleshoot,” said Erdheim. “What have you tried, what’s worked, what’s not worked? How to be trauma-informed in a virtual space; how to interact with youth; how to connect with youth outside of class. We’re all kind of just building the bike as we’re riding it.”Erdheim said what’s especially tricky is helping a student who’s being harassed at home. She said it’s important to examine how best to support these young people outside the classroom environment.“I can’t make your home life better, per se,” said Erdheim. “But we can work with educators and trusted people in your school to make it affirming. We can’t be everywhere all the time, and we can’t change hearts and minds. We want youth to stay in their homes, and we want those homes to be safe.”Before the pandemic, one-in-five students reported being bullied, with 15% of incidents occurring online or through texting. By 95.3 MNC – December 3, 2020 0 149 Twitter IndianaLocalMichiganNews Google+ WhatsApp Previous articleIs it hearing loss? Or is it your mask?Next articleMore Hoosiers needed for Notre Dame COVID-19 Registry survey 95.3 MNCNews/Talk 95.3 Michiana’s News Channel is your breaking news and weather station for northern Indiana and southwestern Michigan.last_img read more

Vulfpeck Announces 2017 Album Featuring Bootsy Collins, David T. Walker, & More

first_imgVulfpeck has officially announced a new album Mr. Finish Line, due out November 7, 2017. The record is promised to include “10 Indi Bangers from the band that recorded Newsbeat,” a nod to their 2014 Fugue State. The video lists the following contributors: frequent vocal contributors Antwaun Stanley and Christine Hucal, legendary session guitarist David T. Walker, Danish vocalist Coco O., legendary session drummer James Gadson, funk bassist/singer/songwriter and member of Parliament Funkadelic Bootsy Collins, drummer for Prince during The New Power Generation era Michael Bland, Game Winner keyboardist/vocalist Charles Jones, vocalist Theo Katzman, keyboardist/saxophonist Joey Dosik (who bandleader Jack Stratton recently revealed will be taking lead vocals for his first Vulf tune) and guitarist/honorary 5th member Cory Wong.Many of these names are familiar to the Vulfpeck catalogue, though a few names stand out as new and exciting. James Gadson, Bootsy Collins, Coco O., and Michael Bland are all first-time Vulf contributors, and will likely make the band’s 7th product their most ambitious release to date. Following last year’s The Beautiful Game, 2017’s Mr. Finish Line is finally taking shape after a huge year for the band. Last summer saw the quartet playing festivals nationwide, while this summer sees the group on an internationally sold-out tour. A band that thrives in their own continuous change, Vulfpeck has evolved to prove why they’re still a low-key, low-volume band in 2017. Watch the announcement trailer below, and pre-order your own copy today:Stratton recently sat down with interviewer Allegra Rosenberg for a “State of the Vulf Union” address, and discusses the progress the band has made over the past year or so, including their meteoric rise in popularity over recent months and how that affects their live show. While the pair discusses a number of topics, ranging from the more administrative, behind-the-scenes workings of Vulfpeck to the way the group approaches both live performances, collaborations, and the studio, one of the biggest takeaways from the interview is Stratton’s hints about what to expect from Vulfpeck’s upcoming studio effort due out in the fall. Watch the full interview below:last_img read more

Engineers Without Borders builds well for town in Cameroon

first_imgOver winter break, six students from the Notre Dame chapter of Engineers Without Borders (EWB-ND) traveled to Sangmélima, Cameroon, to complete construction of a sanitary hand-pumped well, giving the village access to a reliable source of clean water for the first time. The completion of the well marks the culmination of over four years of fundraising, research and planning by the students in EWB-ND, whose chapter was started six years ago.Sarah Drumm, junior and co-president of EWB-ND, said a rural women’s association in Sangmélima applied to the national Engineers Without Borders organization for a group of students to help with a water project.“There are other wells in the area, but I’ve been there, and most of the water is contaminated with bacteria that are incredibly harmful,” Drumm said. “It’s very visible — people there get sick all the time from water-related diseases.”According to the EWB-ND website, this is the third time students have traveled to Sangmélima. In 2014 and 2016, students visited the village on assessment trips, allowing them “to sample local water sources to gauge need, survey potential sites for the well, interview contractors, teach hygiene and women’s health programs, and build relationships with community leaders,” the website said. All funds for the project were raised by the EWB members. Prior to the most recent two-week trip over winter break, EWB selected and hired a Cameroonian contractor to begin construction.“It was about 90 percent done when we came,” Drumm said. “… We built the pad that goes around the well and a cinder-block wall. When we left, we had assisted in that part, and the well was done. Before we had even finished with the construction, people were coming in the morning to draw water.”In addition to the implementation aspect of the trip, the students also continued their assessment mission in Sangmélima.“We did a lot of education, and we had a meeting with the community to present the well to them, to show them how to operate it, to explain why it was clean water and why it is important to drink clean water, as well as a lot of interaction with the school there,” Drumm said.“The well is actually located on the school campus of Alfred and Sarah Bilingual Academy, which has students from grade 3 to age 25, and we did hygiene programs with them to teach them the importance of hand-washing and using a latrine and drinking clean water. We also did some interviews with people in the community to figure out what other needs they have beyond this water well that [EWB-ND] can address in the future.”Junior and fellow EWB-ND co-president Claire Nauman said the club’s goal is to make sure its projects are sustainable.“Part of the way Engineers Without Borders makes sure that that happens is, they require that the community contribute at least 5 percent of the funding for whatever the project is,” she said. “In addition, you’re required to have several community members helping with the construction or somehow involved in the implementation. That’s a way that Engineers Without Borders ensures that there’s commitment on all sides.”The students did not encounter any difficulties with the residents of Sangmélima, who were enthusiastic about the project, Drumm said.“We were incredibly fortunate that the community we found was extremely welcoming and accepting of the project, which is really hard to find in a lot of development projects,” said Drumm. “Most development projects don’t last because of some kind of miscommunication between the engineers and the community that lives there. “This community understands the need. They really wanted this well, and they were so willing and eager to learn how to use and maintain it. We worked with them to set up a water committee in charge of the upkeep and maintenance of the well, which is a big accomplishment. The fact that they are so willing to work with us means that we are likely to stay with them.”Nauman said the group already has plans for additional construction projects in Sangmélima.“I think our activity for how new we are definitely stands out — that we’ve actually implemented an entire project,” Nauman said. “We have big plans for the future. On this trip, we implemented a well with a hand pump. We’re hoping we can integrate in that an electrical pump in the same community. That’s part of EWB’s model—you stay with the same community for as long as there’s a need.”Tags: Cameroon, Engineers Without Borders, EWB-ND, Sangmélimalast_img read more

Bryce Ryness to Replace Christopher Sieber in Matilda

first_img Matilda Show Closed This production ended its run on Jan. 1, 2017 View Comments Related Shows Bryce Rynesscenter_img Bryce Ryness in ‘Matilda'(Photo: Joan Marcus) Star Files A new terrifying headmistress will take up residence at Broadway’s Shubert Theatre. Bryce Ryness is set to join the cast of Matilda on June 7 as the child-hurling Miss Agatha Trunchbull. Christopher Sieber, who is off to headline the world premiere of the much-buzzed about The Prom, is scheduled to play his final performance in the role on June 5. The production is playing through January 1, 2017.Ryness joins the Broadway company after originating the role of Trunchbull on the first National tour. His other Broadway credits include Hair, First Date, Leap of Faith and Legally Blonde. Off-Broadway, he’s premiered and/or originated roles in Long Story Short, Fly by Night, See Rock City & Other Destinations, Around the World in 80 Days and Crossing Brooklyn. Ryness’ screen credits include Tangled, Sacrifice, Law & Order: SVU, Peter Pan Live!, It Could Be Worse, Submissions Only, Political Animals and Just for Kicks.Directed by Tony and Olivier Award winner Matthew Warchus, Matilda is the story of an extraordinary girl who dreams of a better life. Armed with a vivid imagination and a sharp mind, Matilda dares to take a stand and change her destiny. Based on the beloved Roald Dahl novel of the same name, the musical features a book by Dennis Kelly and music and lyrics by Tim Minchin.In addition to Sieber, the cast currently includes Allison Case as Miss Honey, Amy Spanger as Mrs. Wormwood, Rick Holmes as Mr. Wormwood and Natalie Venetia Belcon as Mrs. Phelps. Ava Briglia, Willow McCarthy and Aviva Winick share the title role.The Olivier-winning London production of Matilda continues to run at the West End’s Cambridge Theatre.last_img read more

Vermont Boys & Girls Clubs to receive $150,000 in disaster relief

first_imgVermont Boys & Girls Clubs will receive $150,000 in assistance from the Cal Ripken, Sr Foundation and Boys & Girls Clubs of America to help with relief efforts in the wake of devastating flooding in Vermont, Senator Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.) announced Friday.   Boys & Girls Clubs in Vermont sustained heavy flood damage resulting from Hurricane Irene.  The Cal Ripken, Sr. Foundation has pledged $50,000, and the Boys & Girls Clubs of America has pledged $100,000, to help rebuild and repair Clubs in Brattleboro, Rutland, and White River Junction. ‘Towns across Vermont have seen devastating flooding following Hurricane Irene.  But Vermonters are coming together to rebuild, repair, and restore our communities,’ said Leahy.  ‘I welcome the support of the Cal Ripken, Sr. Foundation, and from the Boys & Girls Clubs of America during this difficult time.  Their pledge of support will help Vermont’s Clubs rebuild after this devastating storm and continue their important work making a very real difference in the lives of young Vermonters.’ ‘It is my pleasure to let you know that the Cal Ripken, Sr. Foundation will provide a grant of $50,000 to Boys & Girls Clubs in your state of Vermont to help defray the costs of the flood damage they are currently dealing with in Brattleboro, Rutland, White River Junction, and others as well, I’m sure,’ Foundation President Steve Salem wrote in a letter to Leahy.  The Cal Ripken, Sr. Foundation is a non-profit organization dedicated to helping underserved youth across the country by supporting youth-serving organizations like the Boys & Girls Clubs. The funds set aside by the Boys & Girls Clubs of America for Vermont Clubs will assist in facility repairs and equipment replacement. Vermont Boys & Girls Clubs have played a critical role in supporting young people and deterring crime.  Vermont’s first Club was established in Burlington 68 years ago.  Since then, Boys and Girls Clubs have spread across the state, and now six Clubs operate in more than 20 locations throughout Vermont.  These clubs have supported nearly 14,000 children and young people in Vermont. Leahy has consistently led efforts in Washington to ensure the continued support of the Boys & Girls Clubs of America, particularly in rural states like Vermont.  He has worked to secure over $10 million dollars for Vermont Boys & Girls Clubs since 1997.  WASHINGTON (Friday, Sept. 9, 2011) ‘last_img read more

A Wild Wonderful Weekend at Gauley Fest 2017

first_imgIt all started in 1983 as a celebration of the derailment of a hydroelectric project that would have disrupted the flow on the Gauley. Now, the celebration has become a whitewater staple and American Whitewater’s largest fundraiser of the year. If you are part of the paddling community (particularly in the southeast), chances are you’ve attended Gauley Fest before. In fact, Gauley Fest is billed as the largest gathering of whitewater enthusiasts in the world.It was our first weekend back in the ever-friendly Southeast. We were stoked to see so many old friends from near and far. One of the perks of this job is the community that creates itself around the festivals. Here we are sitting 1,500 miles from home and within minutes of arriving we’re already catching up with friends from back home.It’s no secret that Gauley Fest is just another way of saying “huge rager in the West Virginian mountains with live music, huge giveaways, and some of the best vendors in the business.” Friday was the official kick-off of Vendor Village. We were back under the Blue Ridge Outdoors Tent for the first time since the Spring. Did you come see us? We were directly next to the main stage… Aka party central. Sleeping in the van at festivals can be a futile endeavor. Especially when you decide to park it next to a bunch of kegs and partiers hell-bent on staying awake to send the upper Gauley at sunrise… It was an interesting evening.While most of the crowd was up at dawn ready to shred the gnar, drink already in-hand, we decided to wake up slow. Being a vendor at these awesome events is tricky sometimes. We really have to plan out our day to make sure we can play and open the booth on time. After a large cup of coffee, our friend Lauren from MountainWater Apparel (based out of the lovely Buena Vista, CO) was kind enough to let us hitch a ride to Pillow Rock where we could post up, join the party, and watch the absolute madness that is Pillow Rock during Gauley Fest. It was a sight to behold and something that you have to see to believe. Humans jumping off the rocks into other human’s rafts right in the midst of the raging class V rapid. Incredible.Our fun didn’t stop there. On Sunday, after we closed up shop, we were invited to raft the middle and lower Gauley with some amazing students from the Outdoor Program at Emory & Henry College. If there’s a more rad college program out there, we haven’t found it. This section of the river is beautiful. With the dam releases from the weekend, you really got a sense of what a wild river the Gauley could be if it were never dammed in the first place. Jaw dropping country. Again, a huge thanks to the whole crew for taking us along. We had a blast.We’re moving from whitewater to rock. Up next we’ve got Craggin’ Classic in the New River Gorge September 22-24.If you like the gear we’re reppin’, or what we’re wearing, check out some of the sponsors that make this tour possible: La Sportiva, Crazy Creek, National Geographic, RovR Products, Sea to Summit, Mountain House, LifeStraw, and Lowe Alpine.last_img read more

Glen Cove Shooting Suspect Nabbed

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York John LemboU.S. Marshals have apprehended a suspected gunman wanted for shooting a man who was critically wounded in Glen Cove over the summer, police said.John Lembo was arrested Wednesday in Brooklyn and charged with second-degree attempted murder, criminal possession of a weapon and criminal use of a firearm.Glen Cove city police said the 47-year-old fired several shots from a handgun at two people, hitting one victim in the neck on Glen Street on July 12. The victim suffered extensive internal injuries.“The defendant left the area immediately after the incident and could not be located,” said Det. Lt. John Nagle.Lembo will be arraigned Wednesday at First District Court in Hempstead.last_img read more