Authorities target two more independent newspapers

first_img RSF_en Follow the news on Belarus BelarusEurope – Central Asia Reporters Without Borders today voiced its utmost concern about the fate ofthe independent press in Belarus after the Minsk independent daily NashaSvoboda was sentenced on 2 August to pay a fine that threatens its survivaland as authorities continue with plans to prosecute the independentnewspaper Rabochy. These moves were preceded by the jail sentences imposedin June on the editor and a journalist of the Grodno opposition newspaperPagonya.”The government succeeded in getting rid of Pagonya and now pursues its shamjustice by attacking Nasha Svoboda and Rabochy”, Reporters Without Borderssecretary-general Robert Ménard said in a letter to Information MinisterMikhail Podgainy. “We ask you to drop all these abusive proceedings againstindependent newspapers. We also ask you to modify the penal code in order toeliminate prison sentences for defamation, in particular article 367/2concerning defamation of the President of the Republic.”On 2 August, journalist Mikhail Podolyak and his newspaper, Nasha Svoboda,were sentenced to fines of 15 million and 100 million Belarusian rublesrespectively for libeling Anatoly Tozik, president of theCommittee for State Control. On 1 August, the day before the trial started,authorities seized Nasha Svoboda’s computers.Meanwhile, Rabochy editor Viktor Ivaskevich faces a possible five-year jailsentence when he comes to trial on 11 September for allegedly defamingPresident Alexander Lukashenko under article 367/2 of the penal code in areport that appeared in a special elections issue in summer 2001. As aresult of the report, entitled “A thief belongs in prison”, 40,000 copies ofthe special issue were confiscated.Previously, on 24 June, Pagonya editor Nikolay Markevitch and one of thenewspaper’s journalists, Pavel Majeyko, were sentenced to prison terms withhard labour for allegedly defaming President Lukashenko. Their appeal is dueto be heard on 15 August. BelarusEurope – Central Asia Russian media boss drops the pretence and defends Belarus crackdown August 7, 2002 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Authorities target two more independent newspapers Help by sharing this information RSF at the Belarusian border: “The terrorist is the one who jails journalists and intimidates the public” “We welcome opening of criminal investigation in Lithuania in response to our complaint against Lukashenko” RSF says to go furthercenter_img News News May 28, 2021 Find out more Receive email alerts Organisation June 2, 2021 Find out more News May 27, 2021 Find out more Newslast_img read more

From Scotia to ‘Operation Tabarin’: developing British policy for Antarctica

first_imgThe roots of a British Antarctic policy can be traced, paradoxically, back to the establishment of a meteorological station by the Scottish Antarctic Expedition in the South Orkneys, in 1903, and the indifference of the British Government to its almost immediate transfer to the Argentine Government. It was from that modest physical presence upon Laurie Island that Argentina came increasingly to challenge British claims to the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands Dependencies (FID), first in the late 1920s and then more extensively in the second world war. This challenge shaped British policy for the next forty years, with further complications caused by overlapping territorial claims made by Chile and the possible territorial ambitions of the USA. Britain’s eventual response, at the height of World War II, was to establish permanent occupation of Antarctica from the southern summer of 1943–1944. This occupation was given the military codename Operation Tabarin. However, it was never a military operation as such, although monitoring the activities of enemy surface raiders and submarines provided a convenient cover story, as did scientific research once the operation became public. Whilst successive parties, rich in professional scientists, considerably expanded the pre-war survey and research of the Discovery Investigations Committee, their physical occupancy of the Antarctic islands and Peninsula was essentially a political statement, whereby the Admiralty and Colonial Office (CO) strove to protect British territorial rights, whilst the Foreign Office (FO) endeavoured to minimise disruption to Britain’s long-standing economic and cultural ties with Argentina, and most critically, the shipment of war-time meat supplies. In meeting that immediate need, Tabarin also provided the basis from which Britain’s subsequent post-war leadership in Antarctic affairs developed.last_img read more